Home Business who are the “big rollers” that the government wants to help?

who are the “big rollers” that the government wants to help?

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Faced with soaring prices at the pump, the government announced a discount of 15 cents per liter of fuel from 1er April. The measure concerns all motorists without distinction, but is not intended to last.

“The goal is that, by July 31, the government has put in place a measure that will affect those who are most dependent, that is to say in particular the heavy riders who are forced to use their vehicle to work or go to work, indicated the Minister for Ecological Transition, Barbara Pompili, on Monday March 14, auguring a measure “very focused“. A little later, Bruno Le Maire, the Minister of the Economy, clarified on LCI that the compensation (would hold) account of income level.

74% of trips by car

But who are the big rollers? The car remains the chosen one when it comes to getting around, since more than 75% of the distances traveled are done this way. It is also the first means of transport to go to work, since it is used for 74% of home-work trips, according to INSEE.

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→ DEBATE. Lowering the price of fuel for all, is it relevant?

Two (main) factors lead to taking the car: the distance from the place of work and the proximity to the center of a large conurbation, synonymous with a dense network of public transport. Thierry Mallet, CEO of the Transdev group, sums it up in his latest book, Journey to the heart of mobility (1), based on a 2018 Ipsos survey.

“To get to work, the car remains dominant in all territories (43% in urban centers, 55% in the first ring, 77% in peri-urban areas and 74% in rural areas). In fact, only the inhabitants of Paris and its suburbs, as well as the people of Lyon, go to work more often by public transport than by car”, he notes.

Less well-off households more affected?

Note that according to INSEE, more than half of workers have to travel more than 9 km to get to their office. The measure therefore seems rather intended to support workers who come from the peripheries.

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Looking closely at the use of the car, what the Ministry of Ecological Transition did in its survey on the “mobility of people 2018-2019”, the latest to date, the Ministry of Ecological Transition notes that households belonging to the poorest 10% drive less than the richest 10%. The kilometers traveled each year increase almost linearly with income.

The 10% of the wealthiest households drive each of their vehicles 11,700 km per year on average, or 2,000 km more than the poorest households. The gap increases when we take the number of vehicles for each household: the poorest households have only 0.69 cars on average, the wealthiest, 1.45 vehicles.

The criterion of mileage traveled will therefore not be the only one to determine government aid, which will add income conditions to it. A corrective all the more necessary as the most modest French people unsurprisingly own older vehicles, and therefore less efficient in terms of consumption.

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