► First trial for war crimes
Charges of war crimes piled up on Friday May 13 against the Russian army in Ukraine, including the forcible displacement of thousands of people in “filtration camps”.
→ REREAD. War in Ukraine, day 78: UN meets, more than 6 million refugees
US channels CNN and Britain’s BBC aired CCTV footage Thursday claiming they show the killing of two unarmed Ukrainian civilians by Russian soldiers in the suburbs of kyiv on March 16. The soldiers search them before leaving along a business, then they retrace their steps and shoot them in the back.
The first war crime trial since the Russian invasion will begin on May 18 in kyiv, Ukraine. A young Russian soldier in the dock, suspected of killing an unarmed 62-year-old civilian. He is accused of having fired a Kalashnikov through a car window, killing a 62-year-old man in the Sumy region. He faces life imprisonment.
► Macron-Putin dialogue useless, according to Zelensky
Emmanuel Macron tries ” in vain “ dialogue with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin, said Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, not judging ” not correct “ that the French president is ready, according to him, to “to make diplomatic concessions” to Russia.
→ EDITORIAL. War in Ukraine: Europe put to the test
“I know he wanted to get results in the mediation between Russia and Ukraine, but he didn’t get any”he asserted. “Until Russia itself wants and understands that it needs (the end of the war, editor’s note), it will not seek a way out”added the Ukrainian President.
► Fighting continues in Donbass
On the ground, the fighting continues in the Donbass, where Russia is making only slow progress, and is trying in particular to take “total control” of Severodonetsk, according to the Ukrainian presidency. According to the British Ministry of Defence, Russia is making “meaningful efforts” in the regions of Izium and Severodonetsk to make a breakthrough towards Kramatorsk, the big city of Donbass under Ukrainian control.
→ READ. Ukraine: in the East, an exhausting war of positions
The Russian Defense Ministry said Friday (May 13) that the Russian military fired sea-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles at an oil refinery in the Poltava region, as well as at fuel depots. The governor of the Sumy region reported a night strike that targeted it, without causing any casualties, and the Ukrainian army warned earlier that Russia was going “intensify” its attacks on the areas of Cherniguiv (north) and Sumy.
Kyiv has also started “difficult talks” with Russia for the evacuation of 38 seriously injured Ukrainian soldiers from the basement of the Azovstal steelworks, the last pocket of Ukrainian resistance in Mariupol. These could be exchanged for Russian soldiers taken prisoner by the Ukrainians.
► The Russians lose a new boat
New satellite images taken on May 12 show that the Russians have lost a Serna-type landing craft on the shores of the strategic Serpents’ Island, conquered on the first day of the war, and that the Ukrainians are carrying out regular strikes.
► The EU announces 500 million euros in aid
The EU on Friday announced 500 million euros in additional military aid to Kyiv, bringing total EU funds to support Ukraine’s war effort to two billion euros. The United Kingdom has claimed on its side “more guns” for Ukraine and new sanctions against Russia, as Europe tries to agree on a sixth sanctions package including a halt to Russian oil purchases.
► Tens of thousands dead
There is no overall assessment of the civilian victims of the conflict. In Mariupol alone, the Ukrainian authorities spoke several weeks ago of 20,000 deaths. On the military level, the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense estimates Russian losses at more than 26,000 men, 199 planes and nearly 1,200 tanks since the start of the invasion on February 24.
The Kremlin has admitted “significant losses”. Western sources mention up to 12,000 Russian soldiers killed. President Volodymyr Zelensky said around 2,500-3,000 Ukrainian soldiers were killed and 10,000 wounded. No independent statistics are available.