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Africa’s take on renewable energy and its benefits

Rystad Energy research indicates that Africa has the potential to expand from generating 12.6 GW of renewable energy to greater scales. This year the continent reached a notable 16.8 GW in renewable energy and will be topping it with 5.5 GW next year. The continent anticipates realizing the 51.2 GW mark in the next five years. 

This quantity will be coming from the expanded solar and wind projects in Ethiopia, Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia. Currently, South Africa is leading the entire continent to generate electricity from renewable energy. The country has a total of 6.9 GW coming from wind, solar, and pipeline projects. The other mentioned countries follow with less than 5 GW of renewable energy each.

Four-fifths of the African countries have renewable energy resources ranging from wind to solar energy projects. Developing countries in the continent aim to emulate South Africa and develop similar renewable energy power plants to reach environmental targets. Upcoming countries are learning from the mistakes and the successes of South Africa, Egypt, and Morocco to channel their efforts in the right perspective.

Algeria has revealed that the projects it is developing will enable it to move from a potential of 500 megawatts to start generating 2.9 GW in the next five years. The project leading to this massive energy generation is the Tafouk 1 Solar Project that will span over four years.

Elsewhere, Tunisia will rocket its renewable energy production from 350 megawatts to 4.5 gigawatts in the next five years. The TuNur Mega Project is expected to reach its peak in 2025, thereby helping the country realize its data as projections from the solar plants.

On the other hand, Egypt has been a pioneer in this industry. Currently, the country is operating at 3 GW of installed renewable energy projects. Additionally, it boasts of its 9.2 GW pipeline project, which supports wind energy and looks forward to surpassing South Africa to become the leading producer of green energy in the continent.

Some of the projects that will help Egypt realize its objectives include the Gulf of Suez Red Sea Wind Project, a Siemens Gamesa supported program that will prove its efficiency in generating clean energy.

Morocco comes in with its current capacity of 2.5 GW in renewable energy, with a huge percentage of this coming from the wind energy section. Rystad Energy found out that the Noor Midelt Hybrid projects would generate enough solar energy to realize its half-decade targets.

In conclusion, with the drop in the production costs for renewable energy, countries will definitely adopt renewable energy technology to meet their people’s electricity demands. Nevertheless, Africa has been troubled with economic problems due to political inefficiencies, underdeveloped projects, corruption, and other ethical problems. Rystad hopes that this can change with the ongoing enlightenment of African leaders and citizens.

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Energy

Boris Johnson rolls out a £12 billion program to facilitate the green energy transition

The UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has decided to implement a £12 billion green energy plan that will create over 200000 employment opportunities and minimize the region’s carbon emissions. Johnson enumerates ten strategies in this plan, which will oversee the generation of 40 gigawatts of offshore wind energy by the end of this decade and create employment opportunities in the sector. The strategies will facilitate the achievement of net-zero emissions by the country in the next three decades.

Boris Johnson enumerates that the industrial heartlands of Humber, North East, and Yorkshire will be the appropriate locations for the implementation of these strategies. Additionally, the Boris Johnson administration announced that it would generate 5 gigawatts of hydrogen energy by the end of this decade to meet the needs of households, factories, and the transportation sector. On top of this, nuclear power plants are undergoing development to support these resources by meeting their demands.

Furthermore, the government is proposing the development of advanced technologies that will ensure London becomes the hub of green energy through innovative programs and financial services. The ten-point plan by Boris Johnson will cover hydrogen energy technology, nuclear power, and carbon capture as its renewables.

Part of the £12 billion will be used to facilitate the shift to electric vehicles in the country and clearing the fossil fuel cars from the roads by the end of this decade. The plan also details investment in energy innovation programs to keep the country in the loop of the trending energy technologies. 

Johnson explained that the cash would flow in three phases also to cover the private energy industry. He added that he would be meeting energy experts and analysts to discuss the implementation of his strategies and how they can integrate the private sector into this plan.

Johnson noted that the North East region would be a hub for wind energy technology. This move implies that turbines will be installed in the region to generate electricity to power households and meet the businesses’ industrial needs herein. He is hopeful that they can minimize the country’s emissions to a workable standard before the next climate summit in Glasgow.

Many renewable energy stakeholders have taken these strategies optimistically and are ready to support the implementation process. However, the solar energy sector is displeased that the ten-point plan appears to exclude them despite their unparalleled contribution to carbon emission reduction in the country.

To sum up, the prime minister explained that they are considering a renewable energy mix and that the solar industry should not take the offensive side. Nevertheless, the strategies will make the UK achieve climatic objectives that they promised to fulfill in the previous climate summit.

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SSE Plan to Triple Renewable Energy by 2030

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) explained that global warming increased global temperatures. Additionally, statistics tabulated a 0.8 degrees Celsius increase in the last 100 years. Conversely, extreme weather calamities like hurricane formation, floods, and wildfires are linked to global warming. Thus, several states were necessitated to institute measures that minimize carbon emission. The measures include taxing diesel and petrol automobiles, minimizing carbon fuel imports and production, and instituting an Emission Trading System for different states. 

On the other hand, many countries have led to embracing renewable energy production by establishing a significant number of wind turbines and installing solar panels. The SSE, a U.K. energy company, stated its plans on tripling its wind energy production by 2030 in support of the shift from fossil fuel to renewables. Consequently, the energy company aims to produce the most considerable wind power by 2026. According to SSE, the company is yet to decide to invest in the Dogger Bank wind facility that is estimated to produce 3.2GW of wind power. The wind farm will supply approximately 4.5 million homes with electricity by 2026. 

As the global shift from fossil fuel to renewable takes root, the company plans to invest £7.5bn in renewable power production. The company’s plan also falls within the government’s vision of building profitable offshore wind farms to generate power that can be supplied to every household in the U.K. The prime minister issued a 10-point climate proposal that seeks to fund renewable companies in the U.K., thus advance in the renewable sector. The SSE CEO, Alistair Phillips, noted that the prime minister’s plan would provide a smooth transition from carbon fuel to renewables, promoting a greener England. 

According to SSE’s report, the company recorded £115m in profit from January to September. Moreover, the profit fell by 26% this year due to the effects of Covid-19 pandemic. However, Philip Davis stated that the company recovery plans are ongoing, and better results are yet to come as the company increases the investment on the wind farm. Additionally, Philip stated that the organization would minimize carbon emissions, stimulate the economy, and minimize the unemployment rate. 

The prime minister stated that the state would invest £12bn in renewables, including private and public sectors. The plan aims at investing in electric vehicles, nuclear power, and carbon capture. Consequently, several renewable sectors pledged to invest in the U.K. power industry like the Equinor, Denmark’s Orsted, and Scottish power. 

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The world is going to experience the most versatile types of renewable energy

In most cases, renewable energy resources are installable far from the places that people live. For instance, wind resources in the United States exist in Texas and Oklahoma’s outskirts and the less populated regions of Central Midwest. Solar resources, on the other hand, can be developed in desert regions with scarce habitations. The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) revealed that the establishment of renewable energy facilities to extract electricity would demand more transmission cables to minimize the national grids’ pressure in different regions.

Interests have been growing over the connection of renewable energy resources with populated areas through transmission lines, but the costs have halted further action. The infrastructure development projects require high capital, but they need the energy regulators and landowners to authenticate these projects’ implementation. The latest multibillion project tagged Australia–ASEAN Power Link is the most rigorous that the stakeholders are keenly observing. This project will bring together the biggest solar farm, the mega battery developer, and the most extended undersea electricity connection lines. Sun Cable will be supplying the connection cable in this $16 billion proposal.

The project will be running through 30000 acres of Australia’s Northern Territory and generate over 10 GW of solar energy. This electricity quantity is equal to that which would be evolving from over eight million rooftop PV panels. The battery company will be instrumental in developing the battery storage facility that can host 30 GWh to facilitate the disbursement of renewable energy 24/7. The storage facility will be over 100 times bigger than the Hornsdale Power Reserve that hosts 193.5 MWh worth of electricity. This facility will also exceed the Japan Buzen Substation, which provides 300 MWh of electricity.

The project estimates to utilize over 800 km of power line carrying 3 GW and supplying it all over the Northern Territory of Australia. The undersea lines which will be transmitting the power from there will run about 3700 km with 2.2 GW all the way to Singapore. These transmissions will become more extended than the 720 km high voltage, direct current (HVDC) coming from Norway to Britain, and will be in action come next year.

Hopefully, this mega project will begin the supply of electricity before 2028. The project will develop over 1500 employment opportunities in the initiation phase and an additional 350 jobs when operations take shape. 

Since these projects are growing interest among energy developers, it is crucial to understand the expenses that come with transmitting renewables through long distances. The capacity to transmit electricity from renewables for long distances through areas like the Sahara Desert will help electrify remote areas. In conclusion, although the project is mega and will bring significant advantages, more challenges will come with it. Successfully overcoming these challenges will help in the transmission of electricity to the remote areas and minimize the outbreak of bushfires due to overdependence on the national grid. 

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Eutelsat capacity leased to test electronically steered antenna

NXT Communications Corporation (NXTCOMM) made a public announcement on 28 October on the plans to initiate the demonstration of its antenna’s performance, which is steered electronically. To carry out the test successfully, NXTCOMM did lease capacity on a communication satellite belonging to Eutelsat.

  The company, which is based in Atlanta, initially presented its electronically steered antenna to the public in June this year. The company considers the antenna crucial for an array of satellite antennas for mobile connectivity. The company aims to use its technology for high-speed transmission of data for aviation, military, and mobility clients. In a contract that the company signed with Eutelsat Communication, the former will lease the Ku-band capacity starting this November on Eutelsat’s 117 West A satellite, preceding the detailed antenna testing low-rate production next year. 

 Tim Morton, NXTCOMM co-founder, gave a statement, and president, he labeled Eutelsat as the perfect partner to help the company to drive its products into the market and also be able to offer the pre-existing managed satellite services capacity to the clients as NXTCOMM looks to increase the production of their game-altering flat panel antennas. With various companies making considerable efforts to develop and produce electronically steered flat-panel antennas which can trail broadband satellites send into the low earth orbit by companies and government agencies, NXTCOMM opened a 929-square-meter production plant for the project in Cherokee County, Georgia. 

 In his statement, Mike Antonovich, Eutelsat Americas CEO, implied the delight the company has. It works with NXTCOMM to help it in the testing and implementation phase of its high-performance antennas. The CEO further indicated his company’s willingness to support NXTCOMM in their inventions for many years to come. There is a projected shipment of around 628,000 flat panel antennas pers year by the year 2029 with a compounded fiscal growth rate of 54.5 percent, according to Northern Sky Research (NSR), a consulting firm. 

 Despite the adverse effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, long production cycles and strong demand will assist in the gadgets market re-bounce in the mid-term when constellations are expected to come online. At the same time, some challenges in the production scale will have been overcome. 

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The United States Find Biogas a Potential Renewable Energy Replacement

Biogas use in the U.S. is getting more popular in households over the last decade. This improvement is linked to the increased adoption of biogas production. Biogas production sites are increasingly becoming rampant in rural areas—their cost-effective processing and ease of production factor in as causes for quick integration in renewable energy prospects. Additionally, biogas plants help reduce environmental pollution and clean up biodegradable wastes from plants and animals.

 These prospects offer the most cost-effective means of energy production, providing alternatives to Electricity generation as well as a possible replacement for carbon-based fuels. The world is continuously shifting from its dependence on non-renewable fuel sources, and this discovery offers an excellent opportunity to integrate biogas as an alternative energy source. 

 Conventional energy sources like crude oil are depleting significantly fast. However, through the introduction of large-scale systems that take advantage of renewable sources of energy, the planet has a chance to recover from the adverse effects of climate change.  The need to develop new sources of renewable energy has necessitated the growth of the biogas markets to be at par with other product categories in the renewable energy market

Biogas has the potential to reduce emissions significantly.  According to estimation, full integration of biogas systems leads to Substantial savings in gas emissions comparable to 11 million passenger vehicles. Likewise, research shows anaerobic digestion of biodegradable waste is essential for the environment and local economies. 

 Additionally, the venture can provide construction jobs for 335000 vacancies temporarily with 23000 permanent jobs.  Likewise, biogas is getting a reputation, and scientists look into its integration in the transportation sector. Last year so the integration of conventional biofuels in the transportation industry that leads to a 4% market stake in renewable energy transportation

Biodegradable energy sources are increasingly gaining popularity worldwide, especially in India, Ireland, and China. These are countries primarily dependent on petroleum sources of energy, shifting to biodegradable energy sources like ethanol and biodiesel. 

Likewise, an increasing number of biogas integration examples take advantage of bio-degradable waste utilization in the United States. The United States currently produces a considerable amount of methane from landfills. The methane is a waste product of anaerobic bacteria digesting organic material from dumpsites. With this in mind, the vast availability provides local authorities a mandate to establish biofuel extraction infrastructure and increase the renewable energy generation capacity. 

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Florida Proceeds with Plans for More Electric Vehicles

The adoption of electric vehicles to substitute cars and trucks that burn fossil fuels increases in popularity across the United States. This trend is due to escalating awareness to take environmental initiatives. The US government placed stringent measures to ensure automakers perform ecological tests on all vehicles manufactured. 

Miami, Florida, plans to drastically enlarge its grid of electric vehicle charging terminals along major interstates and highways. Even during this epidemic, the state expenditure gears towards this expansion. The development funding comes from millions of dollars in criminal and civil penalties paid by Volkswagen, an automaker charged with defrauding environmental tests.

Recently, Ron DeSantis made public the release of $8.5 million for setting up new fast electric charging stations along interstates 75, 4, and 95. The plan is to build these stations this summer, and the stations are to cover more than 1,200 miles. This plan will promote the number of publicly accessible fast electric chargers within Florida by more than 50%.

Last month, DeSantis enacted a law that provided a foundation for electric charging stations at every service plaza on Florida’s traffic turnpike. These stations will be complete by September. DeSantis assured electric car owners not to worry about charging stations for their cars while using major highways. There is uncertainty about whether the project plans to establish electric charging stations within insolvent rural or urban areas.

The electric vehicle law decreed earlier this summer is part of a comprehensive scheme to encourage electric vehicles and intensifying charging stations across the states. Nikki Fried, the Democratic Agriculture Commissioner in the Florida Office of Energy, is pushing forth the scheme. There is anticipation that Fried aims to contend DeSantis while seeking reelection as governor.

Statistics from the State transportation officials indicate a projection of approximately 4.5 million electric vehicles on Florida roads by 2030. Currently, an estimate of 69,000 is under registration, according to the information from the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. Matt Alford said that new electric vehicles’ initiative aims to benefit the environment and enhance economic development. Alford is the executive director of Drive Electric, Florida, an association supporting electric vehicle ownership. 

Florida received about $167 million under a global multi-billion criminal and civil settlement with Volkswagen. DeSantis said that the money is vital in expanding charging infrastructure along Interstate 10 in northern Florida and South and Central Florida areas. However, Terry Travis noted that electric charging stations along the highways and interstates are of no benefit to marginal communities. Travis added that it is more helpful to set up apparatus within the neighborhood to benefit people who cannot charge a vehicle overnight like in a single-family house. 

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The use of renewable energy will save the natural world or hurt it

The fast transition from fossil fuel to renewable energy is essential when dealing with climate change. To build solar wind turbines, solar panels, and other required materials essential in developing renewable energy infrastructure. If not correctly done, the acquisition of material to develop renewable energy infrastructure may destroy the ecosystems and the species.

In today’s research publication, there have been a mapping of potential mining areas globally and examined how they vary with biodiversity conservation sites. In an analysis, it was found that renewable energy production will increase the dangers in the conservation sites for biodiversity for different plants and animals.  It is correct to assume that mining of renewable minerals may lead to additional damage to the natural environment more than the climate change that researchers predict in some world regions.

Australia is becoming a leader in the extraction of materials to develop renewable energy and have a mission to a low-carbon world. There is a need to manage our environment from being harmful to the mining process. Now, about 17 percent of the total global energy consumption comes from renewable energy. To reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses, the development of renewable energy sources must increase. The development of renewable energy infrastructure involves the excavation of the metals and other minerals, which include

  • Graphite, cobalt, and lithium used in the formation of the storage battery
  • Titanium and Zinc are used in the development of Geothermal and wind energy.
  • Aluminum, Nickle, and copper are for the making of different sources of renewable energy.

The World Bank estimates increasing the production of the above minerals by more than 500 percent by December 2050. According to World Bank estimates, more than 3 billion tons of metals and minerals demand to construct solar, wind, and geothermal power, including the energy storage facilities needed to reduce global warming less than 2 degrees centigrade this century. 

However, mining of the said minerals can destroy species and the environment. Mining destroys the surrounding environment and natural habitats by developing transport infrastructures such as railway and roads.

According to the mapping, we found the potential regions affected by mining. Our area of analysis involved 62,381 operational closed mines and pre-operational with 40 different types of material. The research found that mining will affect more than 50 million kilometers of the earth’s surface, which excludes 37 percent of Antarctica.