Rystad Energy research indicates that Africa has the potential to expand from generating 12.6 GW of renewable energy to greater scales. This year the continent reached a notable 16.8 GW in renewable energy and will be topping it with 5.5 GW next year. The continent anticipates realizing the 51.2 GW mark in the next five years.
This quantity will be coming from the expanded solar and wind projects in Ethiopia, Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia. Currently, South Africa is leading the entire continent to generate electricity from renewable energy. The country has a total of 6.9 GW coming from wind, solar, and pipeline projects. The other mentioned countries follow with less than 5 GW of renewable energy each.
Four-fifths of the African countries have renewable energy resources ranging from wind to solar energy projects. Developing countries in the continent aim to emulate South Africa and develop similar renewable energy power plants to reach environmental targets. Upcoming countries are learning from the mistakes and the successes of South Africa, Egypt, and Morocco to channel their efforts in the right perspective.
Algeria has revealed that the projects it is developing will enable it to move from a potential of 500 megawatts to start generating 2.9 GW in the next five years. The project leading to this massive energy generation is the Tafouk 1 Solar Project that will span over four years.
Elsewhere, Tunisia will rocket its renewable energy production from 350 megawatts to 4.5 gigawatts in the next five years. The TuNur Mega Project is expected to reach its peak in 2025, thereby helping the country realize its data as projections from the solar plants.
On the other hand, Egypt has been a pioneer in this industry. Currently, the country is operating at 3 GW of installed renewable energy projects. Additionally, it boasts of its 9.2 GW pipeline project, which supports wind energy and looks forward to surpassing South Africa to become the leading producer of green energy in the continent.
Some of the projects that will help Egypt realize its objectives include the Gulf of Suez Red Sea Wind Project, a Siemens Gamesa supported program that will prove its efficiency in generating clean energy.
Morocco comes in with its current capacity of 2.5 GW in renewable energy, with a huge percentage of this coming from the wind energy section. Rystad Energy found out that the Noor Midelt Hybrid projects would generate enough solar energy to realize its half-decade targets.
In conclusion, with the drop in the production costs for renewable energy, countries will definitely adopt renewable energy technology to meet their people’s electricity demands. Nevertheless, Africa has been troubled with economic problems due to political inefficiencies, underdeveloped projects, corruption, and other ethical problems. Rystad hopes that this can change with the ongoing enlightenment of African leaders and citizens.